Trade for Research

Trade for research

Trade for research

Some macaque species have been or continue to be exported in large numbers for use in biomedical research laboratories.  For example, between 1960 and 1980, Rhesus macaques in Northern India declined dramatically, and in some areas were almost completely extirpated.  This decline was partially attributed to trapping for export.  In 2018 and 2019 Vietnam reported the export of 7968 live long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis - also known as cynomulgus monkeys or crab-eating macaques) for scientific, commercial or biomedical research purposes.  CITES’ records indicate that these were all captive-born individuals, but there is evidence that monkey breeding farms in Vietnam and elsewhere in Asia are used to “launder” wild-caught macaques. In 2020 the previously “Least Concern” species was reclassified as “Vulnerable” by the IUCN, in part due to concerns about large-scale capture for export. 


Trapping and transport are responsible for immense welfare problems, and conditions on the breeding farms of Southeast Asia are poor. 

Wild macaque capture for the research industry

Breeding macaques for research


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